Spey Babes, Hatch Timing, Five Weight Rods

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Spey Babes, Year-2
Catch DVD
Hatch Timing
Top Four Fives
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Spey Babes at The Clave, Year-2
The Tenth Anniversary Sandy River Spey Clave features the most potent team of Female Spey Casting Instructors ever assembled; 12 world class fly fisherwomen in all for your education and entertainment. See the little sampler below. And then check out the Agenda for Friday, May 14.

Rachel Andras: Nationally Televised Celebrity, “Chasing Silver” 

Katherine Hart: Master Casting Instructor...
Kateri Clay
Amy Hazel: Oregon Steelhead Guide & Shop Owner
Anne Tattam, advocate for wild fish
Breakfast by the North Santiam Spey Casters Club..
Friday, May 14, 6:00pm
Evening Entertainment by Catch Magazine

Catch Magazine, Year-1 DVD Catch Magazine DVD
Season 1,
14-Video Collection, DVD
Stunning visuals, dynamic action packed stories, crisp cinematography, nearly irresistible, don't think you are only going to watch this DVD one time and put it away, better buy the beer now and star calling your buddies to share this with on your big screen.
Click: Catch Magazine and get a taste of some of our entertainment at the
Sandy River Spey, Friday, May 14
Brian O'Keefe and Todd Moen will bring magic to your evening.
Item Description Price To Top
0-CAMA-10 Catch Magazine - Season 1, 14-Video Collection, DVD $29.95 SALE ENDED

Hatch Timing Is Everything
By: Rick Hafele
Last week I talked about the anatomy of a hatch, but one thing we’d all like to be able to do is predict exactly when a hatch will occur.  Good luck!  And here’s why.
Evening can be a time of heavy hatch activity, but not always!
Evening can be a time of heavy hatch activity, but not always!
To understand why adult insects emerge when they do, we need to consider both long-term seasonal cycles and short-term day-to-day patterns. Let’s first take a look at the factors that affect long-term seasonal patterns.
If you’ve been fishing for a while, you know there is a consistent pattern to insect hatches within a given season. Blue-winged olives hatch before March browns, which are followed by pale morning duns, and so on. This pattern is repeated year after year, but exactly when the cycle of hatches starts can vary by several weeks from year to year and from stream to stream.
A good hatch almost always results in active feeding by trout and some fast fishing.
A good hatch almost always results in active feeding by trout and some fast fishing.
Running Hot and Cold
The primary factor controlling the timing of seasonal emergence cycles is water temperature. While that may sound simple, the way temperature interacts with growth and development, and ultimately the timing of adult emergence, is anything but simple. For one thing, temperature affects the development of different species in different ways.
 
Everything starts with the egg stage. For many species, the number of days that eggs incubate before hatching increases as the water gets colder. The clinger mayfly Ecdyonurus picteti (Family: Heptageniidae) provides a good example of this response. When its eggs are reared at 68 degrees Fahrenheit, they hatch in about 15 days, but when they are reared at 43 degrees, they take at least 80 days to hatch. For other species, eggs remain dormant until the water temperature reaches a minimum threshold, at which time the eggs hatch, regardless of how long they have spent at a lower temperature. The eggs of the burrowing mayfly Ephoron album, for example, will not hatch until water temperatures reach 50 degrees.
Monitoring the response of egg development at constant temperatures in a lab is one thing, but in nature temperature varies during the course of a day. This also affects hatching times. For example, the greater the 24-hour range in water temperature, the less time it takes for the eggs of some water boatmen species to hatch.

Good timing often results in good fish.
 Temperature also affects the duration of a hatch, a potentially important factor in synchronizing adult emergence. This is illustrated by studies of some Baetis (blue-winged olive) eggs. When the water temperature was held at 37.5 degrees, eggs began hatching after 119 days, and the egg hatch extended over a 34-day period. In 72-degree water, hatching began after just seven days and all the eggs hatched in just three days.
But wait, there’s more. Egg diapause, a period of arrested development or dormancy (it’s a bit like puberty), is often induced or terminated by temperature. In a simple example, eggs of some species remain dormant until temperatures drop to or near freezing, which breaks the diapause and the eggs then begin developing. Thus, eggs that may have been laid over a period of weeks all start development at nearly the same time.
Interesting, right? It gets even more interesting after the eggs hatch because temperature also has an important effect on feeding and growth of the newly hatched larvae. Since insects are cold-blooded, growth rates are usually lower at cold temperatures and increase as temperature rises. There are many exceptions, however. Some species remain very active in cold water and complete most of their growth with temperatures at or near freezing, a phenomenon common to many stoneflies, some of which have been shown to complete two thirds of their growth under ice at temperatures below 34 degrees.
For species that over-winter as larvae, but do not grow significantly through the winter, a rapid increase in growth tends to occur as the water begins to warm in the spring. These temperature changes help synchronize adult emergence through a process called differential temperature-growth response. As temperatures rise in the spring, younger or smaller larvae start growing at a lower temperature than larger or older individuals do. Thus, growth is stimulated first in the youngest individuals, allowing them to catch up in size and development to individuals that were larger and more mature. The net result is that the majority of individuals in a population all reach maturity at nearly the same time.
The synchronized swarm of mayflies like this one is the result of many factors that make it almost impossible to predict when it will happen.
The synchronized swarm of mayflies like this one is the result of many factors that make it almost impossible to predict when it will happen.
Declining temperatures may also help synchronize emergence. For example, the closer individuals of Chaoborus americanus (phantom midges) are to hatching, the more a small drop in temperature slows their development. This results in highly synchronized emergence, and reduces the chance that adults will hatch during periods of unsuitably cold air.
There’s at least one more way that temperature may affect long-term seasonal emergence patterns. Changes in growth hormones apparently tell larvae when to stop growing and to start developing adult tissue for emergence. These changes in growth hormones are often triggered by temperature. Some researchers have found that this shift from larval growth to adult-tissue development occurs when temperature exceeds some critical threshold, regardless of how large or old the larvae are at the time. This synchronizes the hatch and also explains why adults often decrease in size over their emergence period. Take the mayfly Callibaetis, or speckle-winged quills. They typically have two or three emergence periods that can  be spread out from April through October. Those that emerge in the spring are considerably larger than those that emerge in the summer or fall. If a minimum temperature is needed to trigger adult tissue development, then those nymphs growing through the winter and emerging in the spring spend more time growing as nymphs before that minimum water temperature is reached. During the summer or fall, the threshold temperature occurs much sooner, and thus the final nymph stage, and adults, are smaller by comparison.
There are other factors besides temperature that affect long-term emergence patterns. Photoperiod (the number of hours of daylight and darkness over a 24-hour period) plays a role, though apparently a smaller one, in the timing and synchronization of emergence. For example, photoperiod significantly affected larval development of some dragonflies when they were reared at constant temperature, but had little or no effect on the same larvae when they were reared under natural fluctuating temperature regimes. This suggests that in more-constant temperature environments (spring creeks for example) photoperiod becomes a significant factor in synchronizing emergence for some species. Other species that live in constant temperature environments, show little or no response to photoperiod and tend to have very poor emergence synchronization, instead showing nearly continuous development and emergence throughout the year.
Hatching insects usually results in rising trout.
Hatching insects usually results in rising trout.
The Time of Day
By now, you can probably see why it is very difficult to make generalizations about the timing of hatches, and about whether they will be early or late in any given year. Aquatic insects have evolved a wide range of ways to synchronize emergence, and these factors may operate in different ways at different stages in the insects’ life cycles. While this makes for a very interesting subject of study, it also makes it very difficult to understand, and understanding the pattern for one species does not mean you know the pattern for other species. Now it is time to take a quick look at some of the factors affecting day-to-day variations in emergence.
While it would be great if we could predict exactly when to show up at a stream for a good hatch, as often as not one needs to wait until the bugs decide the time is right.
While it would be great if we could predict exactly when to show up at a stream for a good hatch, as often as not one needs to wait until the bugs decide the time is right.
Temperature (water and air), light intensity (whether it’s cloudy or sunny), and moon phase have all been investigated in an attempt to explain day-to-day variations of hatch times. Temperature is again the dominant player, but not always in obvious ways. For example, rising daily temperature is known to trigger adult emergence. However, for some mayflies it is not the temperature on the morning of emergence that is important. Instead, it is the temperature on the morning 24 to 48 hours before emergence that seems to determine if emergence will occur on any particular day.
Light intensity also plays a significant, but again varying, role in daily emergence. Some species emerge when light intensity is high, such as on a bright sunny day, while other species prefer low-light conditions. Blue-winged olives are a good example of the latter. Their hatches are heaviest on cloudy, overcast days. Species of Isoperla, or Little Yellow Stoneflies, on the other hand, often emerge best on bright, sunny days. The time of year may also play a role: hatches occur on cloudy days more often during the summer than during the spring or fall. This is likely related to air temperature, since hot, dry conditions reduce survival of most adult aquatic insects.
Moon phase has been shown to affect the emergence of some aquatic insects, as well, but this has been most prominent for species that live near the equator, where other environmental triggers, such as temperature and photoperiod, change little throughout the year. In temperate climates there is little evidence that changes in the moon affect emergence.
Other factors probably enter the picture as well. Changes in barometric pressure seem to have, at times, dramatic effects on insect hatches and fish feeding behavior. But in my experience, these effects are not consistent. I’ve seen some hatches turn on when storms approach and barometric pressure is dropping, and I’ve also seen the opposite occur. I suspect that the effects of changing weather are somewhat dependent upon what conditions were like before the weather started changing. A storm bringing in cool, cloudy weather, may be just what is needed to stimulate more emergence activity during hot summer conditions, but it may turn off hatches when water temperature is already cool in the spring and fall.
So, is it possible to predict if a hatch will be early or late, or heavy today and not tomorrow? Not really. Nature has woven a fascinating tapestry that in many ways defies prediction. This is both a frustration and a joy. Therefore, instead of trying to predict when or if a hatch might occur, I suggest you just go fishing and appreciate the intricacies of nature that every hatch represents, even if it doesn’t show up when expected.
Trout PhD School - There are still a few spots open, but everything is booking early ! ! !
Don't say we didn't let you know.

Top Four Fives 
If the top big game rifle in the U.S. is still the vaunted 30-06, then the the nine foot five weight is the 30-06 trout gun. That is because nine- foot five-weight rods are comfortable with flies from size #4 through size #20. And they works effectively in fisheries where trout weigh from 1/4-pound to six pounds. That covers most trout Americans and European fish for. Many Alaskan, South American, and New Zealand trout are caught with nine-foot five-weight rods. All trout fly lines are made in size 5-weight. A nine-foot five-weight is effective for use in smaller mountain streams and larger rivers. They are equally effective while wading or fishing from a boat or float tube.
Below are the four most popular executive grade trout rods we sell. They might be regarded as equals, but they are not the same. Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder and performance is often dependent on the skills of the caster. Then there is the human preference factor. We like what we like. Each rod in this article will allow the best casters to reach their maximum potential and will allow beginners to have the quickest success. If your not performing well with one of these rods, it's probably not the fault of the rod. Please come sign up for a casting lesson.
Each of the models below is currently in stock. Each is available for trial in the back lot.
Playing around in our back lot is always an option. Please phone ahead if possible.
That way we can be most ready for your enjoyment.
Sage 590-4 Z-AXIS

Length: 9'    Line: 5     Pieces: 4

Sage rods are all superbly finished. The Z-AXIS Series is no exception. These rods have the cork and components that exceeds the quality of most custom made rods and blank technology that surpasses anything else available. Z-AXIS rods are fast, but not too fast to protect fine leaders. They have rod actions that work when presenting flies close in and far off. They will appeal to both beginners and the most accomplished fly fishers alike. The 590-4 works well with a wide variety of lines. On this rod it's hard to beat a Sage Performance Taper II line.
Sage has earned its place at the top of the industry by taking care of their customers after the sale. They deliver the most efficient and reliable customer service. And that fits our mode perfectly, because if they're are doing their job, we can do our job, and our job is taking care of you.
Rod weight: 3 3/8 Ounces
Item
Series
Line Wt
Action Handle Price To Top
590-4 Z-AXIS 5 Fast C $695 SALE ENDED
Winston B2X590

Length: 9'       Line: #5     Pieces: 4   

This is one heck of a stick! As evidenced by the fact that every one of our staff that fishes for trout owns a Winston 590-4 B2X rod. I very well could be the biggest seller in its class for the last three season. There is also no sign the this particular design is going to become obsolete in any way very soon.  It's just too good. B2X rods are very light in weight. They have also proven to be very durable. They come with either graphite or fancy wood-insert reel seats. Craftsmanship and quality are superb. Our favorite line for this rod: Rio Gold WF5F.
Rod weight: 2 3/4 Ounces.
Item Series Line Wt Action Handle Price To Top
590 B2X 5 Fast Cigar $695 SALE ENDED
C.F. Burkheimer CF 590-4

Length: 9'     Line: #5     Pieces: 4

This elegant rod is very powerful and will best appeal to skilled casters. Nothing beats a Burky for attention to detail.  The CF590-4 would be great choice for any trout fishing destination. Better yet, have two, one for floating and one for your floating and one for your sinking line. Then you don't have as much down time when you encounter changing situations. When you build a multi rod system, it is to your advantage to use the same model reels on each one. That way all of the extra spools will interchange with all of the reels on all of the rods. For instance if you purchase each of the model in this article, you should have all four of the reels be the same model.
Rod weight: 2 3/4  Ounces
Item   Length Line Wt. Price To Top
CF590-4 C.F. Burkheimer Fly Rod 9 ft. 5 $675 SALE ENDED
G. Loomis FR1085-4 StreamDance

Length: 9'    Line: #5     Pieces: 4   

Big dries, weighted flies, streamers, multi flies, long leaders, strike indicators, sink tips, split shot, are all challenging to cast, but they are also part of the game. This rid was designed with function in mind. The finish is dull to reduce rod flash while fishing: not a bad plan. GLX Graphite has dominated some fly fishing circles for more than a decade. Recent reorganization of G. Loomis by parent company Shimano, has resulted in enhance reliability in all facets on customer service. Casting and fishing performance has never been an issue. These rods are designed by the World's most dominant tournament caster in the history of the sport, Steve Rajeff. You should definitely try a StreamDance. They cast and fish real good.
Item Series Line Wt Power Taper Handle Price To Top
11392-01 GLX High Line Speed 5 Med-Stiff Fast 144 $660.00 SALE ENDED

Deschutes Trip Given To Native Fish Society
Don't miss the 14th Annual Native Fish Society Auction + Banquette - April 10
Get this trip for $100.  Buy a Big Fish Ticket.
The Pacific Northwest is blessed with many unique and interesting fisheries. The ownership and every person who works at The Fly Fishing Shop - Welches, Oregon understands that sharing these resources with other users is a privilege. To us that means we have responsibilities.  We must put back more than we take. We are willing. The donation listed below is an attempt at paying a small token of our dues. We believe The Native Fish Society is an organization worthy of our support. This prize constitutes the last open dates of our August/September Jet Boat Calendar for 2010. One hundred percent of the money raised will go to a great cause; Native Fish Society.
Two-Night Trip: noon August 5 to noon August 7 (4 anglers have entire camp).
This is prime time on one of the greatest rivers in the world. The Deschutes River is a better fishery and a healthier ecosystem than it was 30-years ago. It has become a model for river stewards everywhere. It is a Mecca for steelhead anglers from all over the world.
An you will be staying in the best camp during prime time! (Maybe for $100).
Native Fish Society Big Fish Ticket Available Now!!!
Buy a Big Fish Ticket and win this fly fishing trip of a life time.
Win this trip. Buy a big fish ticket!
To review some of the accomplishments of Native Fish Society:
Projects In Favor Of Wild Fish.

Did we mention there will be babes at The Clave?
Nicole Ivana Darland: TV Host, "Fly Fisherman"
May 14, Oxbow Park...don't miss the performance!
More Spey Babe Pictures Next Week!
Stay connected for the Spey Babe Diaries...to be continued...

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Fish long & prosper,
Mark & Patty