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Ambush Line
Anatomy Of A Hatch
FFF Expo
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Spey Clave
Float Tube Booties
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Royal Wulff Ambush Line
Royal Wulff's new trout and steelhead line is designed to roll cast easily with single-handed rods. Promotes easy roll-casting for distance in close quarters. Designed with a short, 20-foot, weighted front end, marked by a color change in the line, from lime green to blue. This “change point” creates a visual reference point for intuitive casting. Front-loaded with a thin running line, it excels at distance with traditional or haul casts. Features welded loop and J3 coating.
Royal Wulff Ambush Line
Garry Sandstrom with a winter steelhead he caught with a Royal Wulff Ambush Line.
Garry Sandstrom with a winter steelhead caught with a Royal Wulff Ambush Line
The Ambush Line was designed by long term shop owner turned tackle rep, Garry Sandstrom as a tool for trout fishing in tight quarters, which it does in a superior fashion to all other fly lines. The Ambush Line is also proving to be the best choice for switch rods. This line works equally well with conventional tapered leaders, Poly Leaders and sinking tips made from T-8 and T-11.
Garry says, " The inspiration for the Ambush line came to me while fishing the Deschutes River in the spring of 2008. I was swinging soft hackle flies in the tailouts during a March Brown hatch using an 8 ½’ 4wt rod with a floating Triangle Taper.
Everything was going well until I found myself tucked under some trees with my back up against the bushes. The single hand Spey casts I was using in the open just wasn’t cutting it in the tight quarters with the 36’ head . I needed a very short, heavy head with the same great triangle taper. As soon as I got home, I ordered a bunch of 9-12wt coldwater Triangle Taper saltwater lines to start whacking and welding. I was lucky to be working as a Royal Wulff rep for the Northwest. A month later, after a lot of experimenting, I had my close-quarter line.
The lines performed perfectly, I could roll cast and shoot line no matter what was behind me and it would load in close. Casting two big bead-head flies, split shot and a big indicator was easy. What really surprised me was how easily the line would launch a chunk of T-8, T-11 or T-14.
Originally, I was only concerned with trout sizes, 4-6wt. But as friends started using the line, more requests were made for larger sizes. There were a lot of 91/2’- 10’ 8wt single hand rods stuck in closets because of the popularity of Spey rods but there are still plenty of small streams or tight headwater areas where a short rod is better. There is also something to be said about a double digit steelhead on a single hand rod…can you say cracked cork?"
WF4 = 195-grains     WF5 = 215-grains     WF6 = 235-grains     WF7 = 266-grains     WF8 = 290-grains
Item Description Size Price To Top
TTAMF4 Royal Wulff Ambush Line WF4 $67.95 SALE ENDED
TTAMF5 Royal Wulff Ambush line WF5 $67.95 SALE ENDED
TTAMF6 Royal Wulff Ambush line WF6 $67.95 SALE ENDED
TTAMF7 Royal Wulff Ambush line WF7 $67.95 SALE ENDED
TTAMF8 Royal Wulff Ambush line WF8 $67.95 SALE ENDED

Anatomy of a Hatch                                                                     Trout PhD School
By: Rick Hafele
Over the next three or four months some of the best hatches of the entire year occur, and practically nothing excites fly fishers more than “the hatch". For example, many anglers, myself included, describe their fishing trips in terms of the hatch. Take a trip I made to the Missouri River last summer.  When someone asked how the fishing was I inevitably described it by saying, “Well, the morning started with an awesome hatch of tricos, a few PMD’s came off in the early afternoon, and in the evening the caddis hatch was amazing.”  Then I might go on to explain that catching fish during the trico hatch required more skill and finesse than open heart surgery, or that the big fish during the evening caddis hatch hung out under the foam lines close to shore.  Maybe because I’m a bug nut, I focus more on what’s hatching than other fly fishers, but I’ve noticed that many other anglers do the same thing when describing their fishing trips.  I’ve heard more than one angler say something like, “It was a nice day. I caught a few good fish, but there wasn’t much of a hatch.”  It’s almost as if “the hatch” has as much to do with our feeling about a day’s fishing as the number or size of fish caught. Given that the hatch is such a central part of the fly fishing experience,
 it makes sense that we should clearly understand what a hatch really is and what takes place during a hatch. The term “hatch” as used by fly fishers describes the moment when adult insects pop up on the water’s surface and fly off after emerging from a nymph or pupa.  Because the adults “emerge” from the nymph or pupa, a more technically correct term is “emergence,” but among fly fishers hatch and emergence are often used interchangeably.
Most mayfly duns hatch on the surface, but some like this green drake dun may hatch a foot or more below the surface. 
Most mayfly duns hatch on the surface, but some like this green drake dun may hatch a foot or more below the surface.  If your dry flies aren’t working, fishing a wet fly a foot or so below the surface can quickly change your luck.

In most cases the hatch or emergence happens just below or on the surface of the water.  But exceptions occur and it is important to understand the different hatch behavior exhibited by different aquatic insects.  It is the behavior during a hatch that will determine what patterns and tactics you should use. 

A variety of patterns may come into play during a hatch
A variety of patterns may come into play during a hatch depending on what’s emerging and where (bottom, mid-depths or surface) the trout are feeding.  Make sure you’re prepared with fly patterns that cover the range of possibilities.
Before adult emergence actually begins a period known as the “pre-hatch” often occurs.  The pre-hatch period is signaled by changes in nymphal or pupal behavior.  For example the pre-hatch behavior of many stonefly nymphs occurs a few days to a week or more before hatching.  During this stage mature stonefly nymphs migrate from mid-channel areas to areas near the shoreline, where they then wait until just the right moment to hatch.  Pre-hatch migration or movement to different habitats within a stream or lake also occurs for some mayfly nymphs.  Gray drakes (Siphlonurus sp.) and many mahogany duns (Paraleptophlebia sp.), for example, move from moderately fast currents to shallower and slower areas near shore shortly before hatching. For other species, like blue-winged olive mayflies (Baetis sp.) or the pupal stages of many caddisflies or midges, pre-hatch activity does not involve moving to a different habitat, but instead means an increase in activity.  Mature blue-winged olives nymphs for example, drift more frequently in the current.  Caddis or midge pupa often drift along the stream bottom for several minutes to an hour or more before beginning to rise up to the surface.             
During a caddis hatch pupae may drift near the bottom for long distances
During a caddis hatch pupae may drift near the bottom before starting their rise to the surface.
If that’s where fish are eating them, that’s where your fly needs to be.
Specific pre-hatch activity varies considerably between different species, but in most cases it involves behavior that increases their exposure to feeding fish.  For this reason fly fishers should be aware of pre-hatch activity and try to take advantage of it.  This most often means fishing nymphs or pupa patterns along the bottom several hours to several days before adults actually begin appearing.  While many fly fishers may not find this as exciting as fishing surface flies during the hatch, the number of fish that can be caught imitating this pre-hatch activity will convince most anglers to pay attention to it.
Trout often feed just below the surface during a good hatch.
Trout often feed just below the surface during a good hatch. Watch their feeding behavior closely to determine what stage of the insect hatch they’re taking.
Once pre-hatch activity ends the actual hatch begins.  There are three main types of hatch behavior: terrestrial emergence, sub-surface emergence, and surface emergence.
Terrestrial Emergence
Terrestrial hatches occur when the mature nymph or pupa crawls out of the water so the adult actually hatches on land rather than in the water.  Obviously when this occurs the adults are not available to feeding fish, and it is the nymphs or pupae crawling towards shore that offer a target to hungry trout. Stoneflies perhaps best represent this type of hatch behavior.  As previously mentioned, stonefly nymphs migrate from mid-channel areas to areas near shore several days to a week or more before crawling out of the water for adult emergence.  Nymphs are more exposed to feeding fish during these shoreward migrations and provide some excellent nymph fishing opportunities.             

Stoneflies aren’t the only group of insects where adults hatch on land.  Dragonfly and damselfly nymphs also crawl or swim to shore then crawl out of the water before the adults hatch.  Just like stonefly nymphs, hungry fish target the migrating dragonfly and damselfly nymphs, and your best fishing during their hatches will be with nymph patterns.   Alder flies and hellgrammites add another twist to terrestrial emergence.  These insects, both in the order Megaloptera, go through a pupal stage prior to adult emergence.  The pupae of most aquatic insects develop underwater.  Not so for Megaloptera.  In their case mature larvae crawl out of the water, dig into the soil along the bank, and pupate on land.  When the pupae are mature the adults crawl out of their pupal cells and fly away without ever touching the water.  Many aquatic beetle species have similar behavior, which allows the pupa and adult stages to completely avoid hungry fish.
Success during a hatch depends on knowing how the insects emerge and where the trout are feeding on them.
Success during a hatch depends on knowing how the insects emerge and where the trout are feeding on them.

Sub-surface Emergence
Sub-surface hatch behavior means that the adult hatches from the nymph or pupa underwater, and the adult rises through the water column, breaks through the surface film, and then drifts on the water’s surface until its wings harden and it can fly off.  The underwater adults are usually buoyed to the surface by gas bubbles trapped under their exoskeleton, and they are very vulnerable to feeding fish.  Numerous species of mayflies, especially in the family Ephemerellidae (e.g. pale morning duns & western green drakes), provide good examples of this type of emergence or hatch behavior.

Once at the surface caddis pupa hang in the film briefly before the adult emerges and flies away.
Once at the surface caddis pupa hang in the film briefly before the adult emerges and flies away. To be most successful you’ll need to decide if fish are taking pupae in the film or adults on the surface.
Because of the vulnerable nature of adults with this behavior, they are an excellent stage to imitate with sub-surface emerger patterns like soft hackles or flymphs.  In this situation the patterns are best fished with little action.  Cast up and across and let the fly sink.  If needed, mend your line so your fly drifts with little or no drag downstream through likely fish holding water or areas with what appear to be rising fish. Often such “rises” are actually fish feeding below the surface on the helpless rising adults.  As your fly drifts downstream you can gently raise your rod tip so the fly swings up towards the surface.  This gentle rising action often results in a solid take.  But strikes can also be subtle, and because the fly is underwater you can’t always see the strike.  Watch your leader carefully for any unusual movement.  At the slightest hint lift your rod to tighten your leader.  If there’s a fish on you will be able to quickly set the hook.  If there is not a fish on you can drop your rod tip and continue fishing.  This technique works in just about every type of habitat: riffles, runs, flats, and even lakes – wherever insects with this behavior are hatching. Finally, because it is the adult stage (or dun stage in the case of mayflies) that is rising to the surface, your fly patterns should be tied to match the color and size of the adult, not the nymph or pupa.  There can be a considerable difference in color between these stages, so this is an important point to remember.

Surface Emergence
Every once in a while Nature seems to create what appears to be an impossible situation for survival.  The surface hatch of aquatic insects is such a situation.

If fish are keyed on this stage during the hatch use a nymph pattern in the film.
This pale evening dun nymph has just reached the surface and the dun has just started to emerge. 
If fish are keyed on this stage during the hatch use a nymph pattern in the film.
 Hatching into the adult stage in the surface film is the most common hatch behavior of aquatic insects.  It is also quite risky if you’re a small insect trying to avoid big hungry trout.  Surface hatches begin when mature nymphs or pupae leave the relative safety of the stream or lake bottom and swim to the surface. The swimming ability varies considerably between different species, but even the fastest are no match for a trout, and during a surface hatch the first stage you should imitate is the nymphs or pupae swimming up through the water column to the surface.  Once at the water’s surface the nymph or pupa hangs in the surface film while it’s exoskeleton splits open.  At this point the winged adult wiggles free and pops out onto the water’s surface where it floats briefly before flying away.  From the moment the nymph or pupa reaches the surface to the time the adult flies away may take a few seconds to more than a minute, depending on the species and weather conditions.  During this time, no matter how brief, the nymphs and pupae below the surface and the adults on the surface are sitting ducks for hungry fish.  This process seems much better designed to feed fish than to get the adults from water to land safely.  For fly fishers such behavior provides the best opportunity to take fish with dry flies. 
A dry fly with a trailing shuck will match this perfectly.
Here’s a pale evening dun just completing its emergence from the nymphal shuck on the surface. 
A dry fly with a trailing shuck will match this perfectly.
The most important surface hatch behavior occurs among species of mayflies, caddisflies and midges.  Within these three groups, dozens of species provide fly fishers the exciting opportunity to see and catch fish feeding with abandon on the surface.  But not all of the feeding is surface feeding. What appears to be surface feeding is just as often fish feeding below the surface on the nymphs or pupae drifting below the surface film, or on insects in the surface film in the middle of emerging from nymph or pupa to the adult.
While emering, the insect will have characteristics of both nymph or pupa and the adult.  Hundreds of patterns have been designed to imitate the subsurface stage and the transitional stage from nymph or pupa to winged adult.  One of the best sources of information about such “emerger” patterns is the book Emergers by Jim Schollmeyer and Ted Leeson, which was published by Amato Books in 2004.
You’ll need nymphs, surface film emergers, and dun patterns
You’ll need nymphs, surface film emergers, and dun patterns for mayfly hatches.
Those individuals not eaten swimming to the surface or hanging in the surface finally become adults on the surface.  When fish turn their attention to this stage, it is time to get out your dry flies and enjoy the surface action that often occurs during a good hatch.  Again, hundreds of patterns have been designed to imitate not only different types of aquatic insects, but also for fishing in different types of water.  For example, different patterns may be called for when fishing the same hatch in a fast riffle section of stream versus a smooth flat section. Different floatation requirements in different water types and differences in how well the fish can see the fly affect what patterns will prove most effective.  In all cases make sure your patterns closely match the size of the naturals you are imitating, and you are presenting your flies with a natural movement.  Most of the time this will be a “dead drift” presentation.  But some species, especially adult caddisflies, run or skate across the surface, and your presentation should match their behavior.

two Callibaetis duns
These two Callibaetis duns (Speckle-winged Quill) have hatched successfully onto the surface,
at least until a hungry trout cruises by.

The next time you encounter a good “hatch” consider what type of hatch behavior is occurring.  Are they crawling out of the water, hatching below the surface, or hatching on the surface?  How and where are the fish feeding?  What size, shape and color are the naturals?  If you can answer these questions you’ll likely have more to talk about than just a good hatch.

Finally, there are many factors that determine when hatches occur.  But that discussion will have to wait for another day.
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Northwest Fly Tyers Expo
Northwest Fly Tyers Expo
Linn County Expo Center
Albany, Oregon
Look for us in Booths #8-#17

Deer Creek Steelhead Skagit Outfit
Outfit Includes:
TFO 13' 7/8 Dear Creek Rod, with case
TFO Prism 9/11 Reel
Rio 500-grain Skagit Head, Rio PowerFlex Core Shooting Line, 13' T-11 fast sinking tip
This is a smoking hot deal on a great outfit.
Jim Romero testing his new Deer Creek outfit...

Deer Creek Steelhead Skagit Outfit, a very good way to fish for steelhead... 
Item Description Price To Top
TF 7/8 130 4 DC OUTFIT Deer Creek Steelhead Skagit Outfit, Outfit Includes- TFO 13' 7/8 Dear Creek Rod with case, TFO Prism 9/11 Reel, Rio 500-grain Skagit Head, Rio PowerFlex Core Shooting Line, 13' T-11 fast sinking tip $495 SALE ENDED

Spey Clave
Sandy River Spey Clave 2010
Sandy river spey Clave

Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties
These booties protect your feet while walking and provide traction on muddy lake shores. They feature a large Velcro side-entry opening, which makes them exceptionally easy to put on and take off. The design is streamlined to make it easy to install your float tube fins.
Black 2 mm Neoprene with molded sole.

Glacier Glove Float Tube Bootie from the rear. Glacier Glove Float Tube Bootie from the side.

Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties have rugged soles.

Item Description Size Price To Top
303BK-M Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties Medium $34.95 SALE ENDED
303BK-L Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties Large $34.95 SALE ENDED
303BK-XL Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties X-Large $34.95 SALE ENDED
303BK-XXL Glacier Glove Float Tube Booties XX-Large $34.95 SALE ENDED

More To Fishing Than Just Catching Fish
These tree were burried 200 years ago along the Sandy River.
A buried forest of trees mimics a standing forest of trees for size & species. Go fishing while you can.
Friction never helps while casting.
A premature release of shooting line results in slack that bellies between the guides causing friction.
National bird
Eagle populations are expanding along Oregon rivers.

The Fly Fishing Shop HOME. The Fly Fishing Shop, Welches, OR

1(800) 266-3971

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Fish long & prosper,
Mark & Patty